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Drinking Valves

There are two models of Edstrom Drinking Valves available - the new Edstrom Vari-Flo Valve and the Edstrom Original Valve. Both models are designed to operate using the patented pivoting stem valve mechanism. You should select the valve that best suits your application.

Option 1. Vari-Flo Drinking Valve Vari-Flo Valve

The Vari-Flo valve is precision machined from solid brass and is available with either 1/8 inch mpt for PVC pipe system or 3/16 inch barb for Flex-Tube system connections. The small diameter of the stainless steel stem that the animal must move to release water and the low force required to move it makes this valve ideal for use with even the smallest of creatures, such as weanling mice and finches.
 
The Vari-Flo valve is available with a 3/16" barb connection (part number 1000-8000) for use with Valve Clip part number 1100-7440 or with a 1/8" male pipe thread connection (part number 1000-8010) (see diagram below).
 
Vari-Flo Drinking Valve
 
The rate that water is discharged from the Vari-Flo Valve can be adjusted over a wide range to best suit your animals and reduce the spillage of water into the cage as the animal drinks. The rate can be adjusted from a slow trickle, 20 cc per minute, to a strong stream, 100 cc per minute.
 
Vari-Flo Drinking Valve
 

Option 2. Original Drinking Valve

This drinking valve is slightly larger than the Vari-Flo, with thicker materials of construction which make it the preferred valve for use with larger gnawing animals (i.e. rabbits, chinchillas). This valve is made from solid brass. Both models have choice of connections style: 1/8 inch mpt or 3/16 inch barb.
 
Original Drinking Valve
Original Valve, 1000-0766
Original Drinking Valve
Original Valve, 1000-0768
 
The Original valve is available with a 3/16" barb connection (part number 1000-0766) for use with Valve Clip part number 1100-0867-100 or with a 1/8" male pipe thread connection (part number 1000-0768) (see diagram below).
 

Drinking Valve

 

Look Inside the Valve - rugged, simple design

 
Drinking Valve Design
Exploded view of the Edstrom Vari-Flo Drinking Valve

The pivoting stem design used in all Edstrom valves is easy to understand when you look at the cross sectional drawings of the valve below.

Drinking Valve
Cross section view in closed and open position

In the normal, closed position, the head of the stem is held securely against the O-ring by the elastic diaphragm, preventing water from flowing under the stem head and out the valve.

When the end of the stem is moved in any direction by biting, licking or pecking, the head of the stem pivots on the O-ring. One side of the head lifts off the O-ring and allows water to flow under it and out to the animal's mouth or beak.

When the animal releases the end of the stem, the elasticity of the silicone rubber diaphragm located behind the stem head pushes the head back to the closed position, stopping the flow of water.

The many advantages and benefits of this simple valve design.

  • Because a soft O-ring provides the water shut-off seal, the valves are extremely resistant to leaks. Dissolved minerals in the water (hard water and iron) do not cause the valve to leak as with other types of waterers. However, we do recommend that particles in the water be removed by filtration.
  • The Edstrom valve can be easily disassembled for cleaning or replacement of parts.
  • The Edstrom valve is not sensitive to water supply pressure. It will operate with pressures as low as 1/8 psi and as high as 10 psi. At higher pressures the force required to actuate the valve increases. An operating pressure of 3-5 psi is recommended for easy operation by most species.
  • The pivoting head of the valve is held tightly closed by the elasticity of the silicone diaphragm, preventing possible backflow of water and contamination into the water supply line to the rest of your facility.
Local plumbing codes may require that you install an Auto-Air Break Valve at the point you connect your automated watering system to your domestic water supply. Use an approved device for this purpose.
  • A small droplet of water normally remains at the end of the valve after its operation. Animals and birds quickly locate this water, and in their efforts to drink it, move the stem, releasing more water to drink. They train themselves to drink from the Edstrom Valve in no time at all.